Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS
Last Review Date: 2017 Jan 25
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  1. Problem: Aortic Valve Stenosis. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Problem-Aortic-Valve-Stenosis_UCM_450437_Article.jsp#.WH6brLYrIo8
  2. Aortic Stenosis Fact Sheet. Nebraska Heart Institute. http://www.neheart.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/AorticStenosisFactSheet.pdf
  3. U.S. Aortic Stenosis Disease Prevalence & Treatment Statistics. John Muir Health. https://www.johnmuirhealth.com/services/cardiovascular-services/intervention/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement/facts-and-figures.html
  4. Aortic Valve Stenosis: Risk Factors. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aortic-stenosis/basics/risk-factors/con-20026329
  5. Holt B. Hunting to Prevent Aortic Stenosis. Circulation. 2010;121(6): 736-738. http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/121/6/736